There is no written path, but there are several factors and steps that must happen for that:
- The overall reaction to the manga, the volume of internet traffic it generates (fan-art, forums, discussions, fan pages, fan fiction, even porn of the main characters).
- Are fans cosplaying as the characters even before anime?
Connections and reputation
- The reputation of the mangaka (I doubt any new manga by Rumiko Takahashi (for example) is NOT going to become an anime).
- Who the mangaka and the manga producers/managers know. Sometimes the hardest part is to put your work in front of the right eyes. Its all in the pitch.
Possible Merchandising and target audience
- Can the manga become a toy line? Can you sell costumes of the main characters?
- The target audience (gender, age, genre) spending power.
Series health and controversy
- Is the manga series long enough, the arcs and plots interesting, the characters well developed and of enough depth?
- Is there any group that will get grossly offended if the manga becomes an anime? Remember that printed media is pulled by the reader (you have to actively persuse the media) while audiovisual media is PUSHED into the viewer.
Competition and market mood
- Is the manga a mecha manga, and it's on its peak during a new Gundam season and yet another Evangelion Retcon?
- What was the reaction of fans to the animes of the same genre that aired in the previous seasons? Are they craving for more of the genre or had they have enough.
Releases and Versions
- Is the series already compiled into Tankobon? Is it on crunchyroll? Was it already translated (by fans or officially).
- Also, check if the manga is being pirated. It is a sad fact, but popular manga that will become anime is widely pirated, translated, fansubbed, etc.
- Do some specialized google searches exist for the manga series, its main characters and villains. Check the result count, compare to other popular manga that already became anime.
After all of those factors, there are some things you can look for in specialized media to see if your favorite manga is really going to become anime:
Option: Did some studio or media company purchase the option for the IP? Options are commonplace in the western media world, but its becoming very popular around the world. Check the media and news for the option signing.
Rumors: check some blogs (mostly in Japanese) for the titles they think will make next season
(Dear Reader: suggest some blogs in the comments).
Wikipedia: The folks at the Wikiproject Anime and Manga work really hard to keep their corner of the wiki fresh. If your manga series already have a wikipedia page, chances are high.
As for your particular manga, I would say it certainly will become anime.