Watching the anime "Parasyte - the maxim" I can't really see any of the organisms shown as real parasites, from a biological/ecological viewpoint.

Can any of the different kinds of alien parasytes shown be classified as a bona fide parasite?

  • It's because in the show they aren't actually biologically represented as parasites. The focus is more them being parasites in the sense that they leech off of human beings, not in the sense of actual parasitism. Also the below answer is perfect.
    – FatalSleep
    Feb 27, 2015 at 18:56
  • 1
    @FatalSleep originally the question was much longer, then I realized I was answering myself, and it ended as a FAQ. Feb 27, 2015 at 20:25

3 Answers 3


I will use "parasite" (lower case, with an "i") to refer to the ecological relationship, and "Parasyte" (upper case, with an "y") to refer to the manga creatures.

From Wikipedia on parasitism:

Parasitism is a non-mutual symbiotic relationship between species, where one species, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host. (...) Unlike predators, parasites typically do not kill their host (...)

Then, on decapitation:

This form of injury invariably results in death (...)

So, on the three kinds of Parasytes:

  • The ones that "eat" the brain and take over the head, they already killed their hosts upon infection. So they are not parasites because they first kill the host, then inhabit the corpse. Parasitism is a kind of symbiosis, meaning that both organisms must be alive.

From Livescience:

A person is considered brain-dead when he or she no longer has any neurological activity in the brain or brain stem — meaning no electrical impulses are being sent between brain cells.

The head of those bodies is the Parasyte, the original human head long gone, consumed by the Parasyte larvae. So there is no ecological relationship between living organisms. The Parasyte simply took over the corpse of the human they killed. Such is the case when a Parasyte changes bodies too, like when

Shinichi's mom is beheaded by the car crash Parasyte, because it needed a female body to inhabit.

We can then infer that these head-Parasytes are not parasites. The relationship between them is called Metabiosis.

  • The co-inhabiting Parasytes, like Migi and Joe, they are really either mutualist symbiotes because the Parasyte provides his host with augmented abilities and protection from a predator (other Parasytes), and even if we think of a co-inhabiting Parasyte that stays dormant on his host, it would still be a case of phoresis or inquilinism commensalism.

The human in the case of a commensalist symbiote would not be harmed or hindered, because the Parasyte emulates the body part it "ate" and the commensalist Parasytes are not too eager to kill their host since their primary drive is survival, and as Migi states, without eating the brain they do not know how to control a whole human body.

  • The colony Parasytes, like

Miki and Gotou

are a colony of same-species organisms mimicking a human body. They are also not parasites.

From the bullet points above, we can say that none of the Parasytes shown in the manga or the anime (so far) are not really parasites.

  • 1
    +1 This would make for an interesting biology lecture. Even though I think whether, biologically speaking, "Parasytes" are parasites or not is not really the point of the story, I want to raise two concerns (actually just emphasizing the points): 1. "Unlike predators, parasites typically do not kill their host" and 2. Can the situation of Migi wanting to kill the detective be a case where he benefits at the expense of Shinichi who doesn't want that to happen? By the way, in the last sentence, you probably meant to remove the not.
    – Gao
    Feb 25, 2015 at 16:07
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    @GaoWeiwei killing the detective would not hinder Shinichi as an organism. And in the last sentence, I blame the language barrier for the extra NOT, if that is the case. When parasites typically kill the host, it means they cause the death of the host after a long time of infection, not right after. Feb 25, 2015 at 16:29

There are Parasites in Parasyte, and they are called Humans, they are Parasites for Earth, I think a Parasyte told Shinichi and Migi this in one of the earlier episodes, I never saw the Parasytes as Parasites, honestly... I even felt sad when they died cause they did not do anything wrong, its like a lion getting shot because he ate a deer :/ Humans can make these choices for other creatures, and then say they are the most humane thing on the planet, and claim everything on earth is equal, yet eat animals, its hypocritical and the series (IMO) is trying to show Humans are Parasites.

P.S. "Can any of the different kinds of alien parasytes" Did you watch the Anime even? They are from earth... The end they say "we are all born here"

  • Thank you for your answer. We look for factual answers that can be supported by external links, if possible. Any opinions should be put in the comments. Please refer to how to write a good answer in our help section for more information.
    – Tamz_m
    Jan 25, 2016 at 13:24
  • "Parasyte told Shinichi and Migi this in one of the earlier episodes" SOURCE! wth are you people being little babies for, this is just an answer and w/e delete it if you want to, its an OPINION, how can I provide SOURCES for OPINIONS and THEORIES... the source is my BRAIN! The other source is just the Anime, I never googled anything, everything in this answer came from my brain, I made it up, no source, stop asking for sources!!!!
    – FonZ
    Jan 26, 2016 at 13:53
  • @FonZ Anime & Manga isn't a discussion forum. It's a question and answer site, we don't accept opinions in answers, we accept answers that answer the question as it's written. When things are up for interpretation, or the answer to the question wasn't explained, then providing an educated guess along with points to support it is OK. For opinionated discussions, feel free to use Anime & Manga Chat once you reach 20 reputation points. Jan 26, 2016 at 13:56
  • A good start would be citing the episode the conversation took place, to people can go back and rewatch it.
    – Jon Lin
    Jan 26, 2016 at 14:49

Parasytes might not be parasites as they are defined in our world, because they are (from space or not) alien creatures. They did not evolve here and don't share our roots and typical mechanics. @Mindwin made good points about this and why our current definition don't include them - although I think we would adapt it so that they mach it. The human bodys may be brain dead but they still have traits of life (See Wikipedia):

Homeostasis: still sweating and so on
Organization: still made of living cells
Metabolism: Still need nutrients - human flesh or regular food
Growth: We can't be sure here but there is no reason why a child's body should stop growing after be infected by a Parasyste (maybe the Parasyte could stop growth by not mimic the thyroid but still the human body is able to grow). At least we know, that the human body will grow old and die. (see Mr. B)
Adaptation: Hard to prove but I think we can agree that they e.g. grew scarf-skin.
Response to stimuli: Of course the nerves are still working, autonomic nervous system is at least partly independent of the brain.
Reproduction: Not reiko and A had a child but their human bodies. It would be possible to maintain human population if there were so many Parasytes that they ate all of us and than started to make human babys themself

But I want to stress another point most people are missing and which (imho) is one of the most important in the entire story (It is not pointed out as such but I do care about it more than about others):

Humankind is an organism itself!

You say that human are parasites to earth - a single Human is not, Human kind might be. Reiko says that a single human is weak compared with Parasytes but that Human have another consciousness and when Parasyte attack it, they will lose. If we understand human kind as an organism, Parasytes are parasites to it. The organism "humankind" grew too much and now Parasytes appear, consuming some of it's ressources like a tapeworm and slowing it's grow without killing it. After beeing overrun by the Parasy/ites, humankind's immune system started to gather forces against them and became mostly immune to them. If there would be a new wave of parasytes, we could easily detect them and know what wapons kill them - they would be ways less effective but still some of them will allways stay in the organism. It is a perfect match to an upscaled infection.

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