Monkey: Journey to the West by Wu Cheng'en in the 16th century is regarded as one of the 4 great classical novels of China (at least according to Wikipedia). I have read that Son Goku (Dragon Ball) is directly inspired by Sun Wukong as Dragon Ball was originally supposed to mirror Journey to the West (and of course deviated from this). While I don't know if that is true, I know Oda lists the Dragon Ball series as a major inspiration.
Is Monkey D. Luffy the man aiming to become the King of the Pirates named after Sun Wukong: the Monkey King?
Update: I apparently overlooked that Sun Wukong (Chinese) is referred to as Son Goku (Japanese).