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I did some research to see if there exists an anime that was based on western stories and I have found some here (including the only one I can remember, Cinderella Monogatari). I have noticed that all anime there were old, thus, making me wonder if Japan totally stopped creating anime that are based on western stories.

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No. There are a number of recent Japanese anime based on Western stories. Some examples:

  • Gankutsuou: The Count of Monte Cristo based on Alexandre Dumas, père's classic French novel, Le Comte de Monte-Cristo, aired in 2004-5.
  • Romeo × Juliet loosely based on William Shakespeare's classical play, Romeo and Juliet, along with numerous references and characters from other Shakespearean plays aired in 2007.
  • Miyuki-chan in Wonderland is an erotic, lesbian rendition of Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, aired in 1995.
  • Powerpuff Girls Z is a magical girl anime series based on the American animated television series The Powerpuff Girls, aired in 2006-7.
  • Deltora Quest based on the series of children's books of the same name, written by Australian author Emily Rodda, aired in 2007-8.
  • There might be plenty more. I will update the answer with more examples if/when I find them. :) – Masked Man Mar 5 '13 at 9:24
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    There was also a bunch of collaborations recently between Marvel Comics and Madhouse: Wolverine, Blade, X-men, and Iron Man. Also a DC Comics collaboration with several different studios that produced the anthology Batman Gotham Knight. Oh, and Witchblade. – Jon Lin Mar 5 '13 at 9:47
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    Many Ghibli movies are based on Western stories. Recent ones include Arrietty, Tales from Earthsea, and Howl's moving castle. – coleopterist Mar 5 '13 at 11:44
  • @Deidara-senpai Lets not forget Gankutsuou: The Count of Monte Cristo, a free adaptation of Dumas' Count of Monte Christo. Also Heidi, Girl of the Alps, adapted from the Johan Spyri novel. Future Boy Conan, based on The Incredible Tide by Alexander Key. Time Jam: Valerian & Laureline, a French/Japanese co-production, based on a long running French comic. – кяαzєя Mar 5 '13 at 14:28
  • @Deidara-senpai Also, you should include Oyayubihime Monotgatari (based on Thumbelina), which the OP mentioned, and Trapp Family Story (based on the novel The Story of the Trapp Family Singers which inspired The Sound of Music) – кяαzєя Mar 5 '13 at 14:36
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At least, there's the World Masterpiece Theater. Between 1969 and 1997, and 2007-2009, they produced anime based on a classic book or story, also western. I can't find anything that tells me whether it's over.

Besides from that, I don't know any anime based on western stories.

  • Haven't heard any latest anime based from a western story as well. Maybe they have stopped, though not officially. – xjshiya Mar 5 '13 at 8:53
  • @xjshiya: That's what I'm thinking as well. – looper Mar 5 '13 at 8:54

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