I am from Iran and I saw just a few episodes. This story was famous in my parents' childhood and I really wonder why it is so different from the original story (the author is called Naghibolmamaulek). And why is the theme completely different from Persia?

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    Because it is a fictional works. They are just borrowing name and story. – 絢瀬絵里 Aug 29 '16 at 9:07
  • Thank you for your care.I wasnot sure how to spell the name in english for it has a sound not existed in english – user27851 Aug 31 '16 at 20:26
  • And they could change the name of the story if they wanted to be inspired by – user27851 Aug 31 '16 at 20:27

The anime's based on Hiromu Arakawa's manga of the same name, which is, in turn, based on Yoshiki Tanaka's fantasy novel series of the same name. As the Wikipedia page for the latter states, it appears to have taken inspiration from a few different sources:

Whilst the protagonist's name (which is Turkic for lion) appears to may have been taken from the popular Persian epic of Amir Arsalan, other than this anachronism, Arslan and his Parsian enemies and allies primarily share many parallels with Cyrus the Great and other historical figures of 6th century BCE Persia (albeit with several liberties taken), whereas the conflicts with the Lusitanian forces (which bear the Byzantine Orthodox cross) – despite mostly French names and a certain religious zealotry implying a connection to the (Catholic) Crusades (again, with liberties taken)– appear to be based on the Byzantine–Persian Wars, specifically those of the 6th century CE. Furthermore, several names of prominent Parsian characters appear to be taken from known important figures throughout Persian history as well as the historically unsubstantiated legendary parts of the historiographic Persian epic Shahnameh. Additionally, supernatural elements mostly based on ancient Near East mythology increasingly play a role as the series goes on.

I wasn't able to find any reference to Naghibolmamaulek, the author you mention, but the short answer to your question is: the anime's based on a story that was inspired by the one your parents may have heard during their childhood, among others, and it is not a direct adaptation of it/them. As such, Tanaka (and possibly Arakawa too) took some liberties and changed a few things around.

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    I'm guessing that "Naghibolmamaulek" is Mohammad Ali Naqib al-Mamalek the author of Amir Arsalan. It looks like it might be an alternate transliteration of the last part of the name. – Ross Ridge Aug 30 '16 at 22:34
  • Makes sense. Not sure how I missed it, given I looked for similar patterns in names, but there you go :P – JNat Aug 31 '16 at 8:35

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