Looking from the perspective of the recent movie (which occurs at or near the chronological beginning of the series):

  • Koyomi has what appears to be a slide-phone with a keyboard, and Hanekawa puts her "phone number and email address" into it.
  • Koyomi goes to the bookstore for porn instead of just looking it up on the internet. (This show never seems to indicate any signs of the internet even existing?)
  • All the cars (which are mostly copy-pastes of the same CG model) seem to have a much older style to them.

Most of all, this frame (which appears right as Koyomi is about to bring up his phone) may indicate a year. But what does the "G9" stand for?


  • 1
    FWIW there are references to the FMA series in Tsubasa Tiger, so the series would have to take place at least after 2001. Note also that the events of Monogatari all take place in the span of one or two years, IIRC.
    – Maroon
    Sep 9, 2016 at 3:09
  • 4
    This answer notes that May 14th in the first year was a Sunday. The only plausible year that matches this is 2006 (anything earlier doesn't make sense because of the cultural references in the series, and it seems unlikely that Monogatari is set in the future either); I've also checked with a few other dates listed there to see if their days of the week (in 2006) are plausible, and they are. But I'm not sure if I might be missing some additional details.
    – Maroon
    Sep 9, 2016 at 3:26
  • @Maroon Your comment appeared as I was in the middle of writing my answer. I'm revising based on your observations.
    – Torisuda
    Sep 9, 2016 at 4:03
  • @Torisuda: I was writing one myself (in favor of the 2006 date), but I saw your answer and felt ambivalent about it after seeing the comment about smartphones (and about the banknotes, which I hadn't been aware of).
    – Maroon
    Sep 9, 2016 at 4:10
  • 1
    @Maroon I think you should still write an answer. The bank note phaseout actually started in 2004 (and finished in 2007), so 2006 is plausible, and your evidence is very strong. The K-On reference is a little harder to get past but that's easier to put down to authorial license.
    – Torisuda
    Sep 9, 2016 at 4:12

2 Answers 2


I don't recall an exact year, but there's evidence that the series takes place in the modern day, between 2007 and 2018.

The strongest piece of evidence comes from the novels. In Kabukimonogatari Chapter 7, after Koyomi travels back in time 11 years, he notes that the money is different and has Natsume Souseki on it. These would have been the series D bills issued from 1984 to 2007 and suspended April 2007. This puts the series no more than 11 years after 2007, or no later than 2018. The novel version of Otorimonogatari has Nadeko make a reference to K-On, also putting it after May 2007, when the K-On manga started.

Maroon notes in the comments that the dates line up better for 2006. The phasing out of the Souseki notes began in 2004, so 2006 is a plausible year as well. The novels began their run in August 2005, so it's possible that Nisio Isin looked to March 2006 as the starting point for the series.

Smartphones do exist in the world of Monogatari; in the preview on Episode 7 of Nisemonogatari, Kaiki complains that after Hitagi smashed his phone, he went to buy a new one and could only find smartphones, which he dislikes. Here's a hard-to-see picture of my television screen that shows it:

enter image description here

Flip phones are actually still pretty common in Japan; see this Answerman column.

As a side note, the male protagonist hiding porn books in his room is a time-honored tradition of the genres that Monogatari draws on, harem and school action. Suruga also fills her room up with cheap BL books instead of going on the Internet and reading slash fiction. Monogatari is a mixture of real and hyper-real, so sometimes it just plays by the rules of fiction.


The cultural references that appear in the Monogatari anime — for instance, to Neon Genesis Evangelion ("Karen Bee") and Fullmetal Alchemist ("Hitagi Crab," "Tsubasa Tiger") — indicate that it is probably set after 2001. (At this point in time, I am not familiar with the light novels and do not know if details entirely match up with the anime. However, a quick skim of someone's translation of the "Hitagi Crab" and "Karen Bee" portions of the light novel confirms that the references to FMA and Evangelion also exist there, so the 2001 estimate for a lower bound is still reasonable.)

The Monogatari series mostly takes place over the span of two years. This post notes that May 14 of the first year is on a Sunday. I ran a search for the years where May 14 fell on a Sunday using a calendar site, and the only plausible year was 2006. (No matches between 2001 and 2006 came up, and the earliest match after 2006 was in 2017, which seems too far in the future. There was also a match for 2000, which seems possible if we take the FMA reference loosely, but it would not fit with the mention of banknotes that Torisuda discusses.)

Since the Monogatari series began publication in 2005, 2006 is then a reasonable guess for the "first year" of the series. This would indicate that the series takes place between 2006 and 2007, with a brief foray into 1995 in "Mayoi Jiangshi".

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