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Are anime characters drawn separately or together?

For example, Boy A is near but Boy B is far, and both are dancing. Is Boy B only drawn for his movements same as Boy A, and with the use of a software, they will overlap a character depending who is near or far. More like a cel animation but with layers using a software.

And does this apply to every anime series and anime character movements like when Boy A and Boy B are fighting and both have interaction with their sword, are they drawn separately or together?

More like this, are both drawn together or separately but with the use of a software, the girl's hand overlap the boy's body

I am talking about hand-drawn animes in papers, not hand-drawn animes with a drawing tablet.

(I have posted the same topic but I didn't know where it went, I don't know if it was posted or not, sorry if I have made 2 same topics)

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    I believe 99% that it's drawn separately (as in, separate layer). That also explains why sometimes the production quality can be different even on the same scene. Also, probably related answer – Aki Tanaka Jun 28 '17 at 11:07
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This is actually two, or even three, questions in one. Movements in anime start and end with keyframes, everything else are inbetweeners. How both keyframes and inbetweeners are drawn up is not just a matter of preference (which may impact how the final drawing comes to be), but also one of efficieny.

In your example, drawing the persons separately will allow much easier change in composition even though there is nothing against drawing the frame 'as-is' right off the bat.

For example, if the director decides that the girl needs to be a tad more to the left, of that her hand needs to be higher, it's much easier to just move the girl or reposition the hand than to draw everything from scratch (including the boy, the background, etc).

Distance as such as little to do with anything and is only used to create a sense of depth. Clouds, traffic, etc moving at different speeds to create a parallax-like effect.

Ultimately, regardless of whether or not layers are used and regardless of overlap, all characters, every single stroke even, are drawn separately.

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