I sometimes see this glow in the old stuff. Curious if this technique has a name, and how this was made.

screenshot from Golden Boy

If you have something like documentary about technical and business aspects of anime, it would be appreciated.

A few extra examples, all from rurouni kenshin second opening:

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And this: from Words Worth

  • Most of these are just a gradient with an alpha channel applied. – кяαzєя Sep 4 '17 at 9:57
  • @кяαzєя you think it's cg? – Viktor Smirnov Sep 4 '17 at 10:43
  • second exposure is a likely option in the first picture – ratchet freak Sep 4 '17 at 10:55

All your screenshots look like conventional cel animation, but done with various different techniques. The first image the "glow" looks like it was painted with an airbrush, probably on its own cel sheet overlaying the rest of the image. The lens flare effects in your second and fourth screenshots look they were painted on separate cel sheets and then optically faded in and out to animate them and then combined with the background using multiple exposures. The glow of the candles in the third image was probably airbrushed on the same cel as the candle flames. I'm not sure how the animated sunlight falling on the water in the fifth image was done, but my guess it was simply hand painted. The last image with the glowing bar was probably done with an airbrush similar to the previous examples, though it could be that a diffuser was placed in front the camera lens.

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These are all very different effects and I don't think that most were done with airbrushing. The first one, maybe, but it's hard to be sure without seeing a higher resolution of that image. The second one is often "animated" and appears to be a real lens flare, that could be achieved by using a certain type of lens and shining in a light source from a side angle. With the others it's hard to say, again, because of image resolution issues. I've seen the water effect you're referencing a lot, too, but I'm under the impression that it's something else entirely. As for the last effect, that's the one I'm most interested in because I see it used all the time in 80s anime and I love the effect. I'm like 90% sure it's not done with airbrushing, however. If I had to guess, they leave part of the background cel unpainted and then shoot it over a light table with the light shining through to achieve this effect.

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