Can Akatsuki's leader Pain (Nagato) read minds with the ocular powers of his Rinnegan?
Source: NARUTO WIKIA
The Rinnegan user is bestowed with the Six Paths power. And weirdly, there are seven paths:
1. Deva Path: Allows one to manipulate attractive and repulsive forces.
2. Asura Path: Grants the user mechanized limbs, weaponry and armor.
3. Human Path: Gives the ability to remove a soul and so, read a person's mind.
4. Animal Path: Lets the user summon a wide variety of creatures.
5. Preta Path: Which can absorb all forms of chakra, including most ninjutsu.
6. Naraka Path: Through which one can summon and control the King Of Hell.
7. Outer Path: Through which one rules over both life and death.
As Nagato was crippled, he used the Outer Path to manipulate the six corpses (the Pain who fought Naruto & Jiraiya), and channeled other Paths through the Chakra Rods.
And so, by using the Human Path, Pain can read other people's minds.