Other than Blackbeard, can anyone steal the powers of another? For instance, Sanji taking the clear clear powers of the Man Lion? That was just an example it didn't really happen. I am just curious.
You can if you don't already have a DF.
Usually if you want a person's DF power, you kill that person. The power will transfer to a nearby fruit and that fruit will become a DF. Once you consume that fruit you have their power.
If you want to take the power by another means.... we don't know. It is currently unknown how or if Devil Fruits can transfer from one living person to another without going through the normal cycle. There are two suspicious cases of DF transfer: Blackbeard obtaining Whitebeard's power and Lin Lin Charlotte obtaining Mother Caramel's power. Several details about both mysteries seem intentionally obscured so that no answer to this question is possible yet.
Similar discussions could be had about multiple DF powers, objects eating DF, or limits of speculated DF powers. At this point though the discussions are largely fruitless (ironically) as the answer has to be "we don't and can't know yet".
There are some devil fruits like "Luck Luck Fruit" which can steal luck of other people. Smoothie also steals others power to be bigger and bigger. Moria can steal others ' shadow(power too).
There are several such powers and fruits in One Piece World!