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This might sound like a weird question, but hear me out. In all of the anime that I've seen that revolves around high school sports, they never seem to have the concept of the "tryout".

Keep in mind that I live in the States, so my perspective will be biased. When I was in high school, all of our sports teams required prospective members to pass the tryouts in order to join. Basically, the coach/advisor of the team would administer an exam for the new potential members, to gauge their proficiency in the sport. If they were deemed satisfactory, they are granted membership into the team. If not, then they are rejected.

However, in all the sports-related anime that I've seen, it looks like any student could just submit an application and join the team. They often don't even care about their skill in the sport, since I've seen many sports anime where new team members can be complete novices. So how come they don't hold tryouts/auditions to make sure that all members of the team are above some baseline level of competency in the sport? I'm sure this would greatly improve their performance in competitions and such. This isn't limited to anime either, since I've also seen it in Japanese soap operas. Is it just a cultural difference?

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    Yes, it's cultural difference. In Japan, anybody could join a "club" (部活=bukatsu) but not everybody is chosen to play for the "team". There is also a senior-junior (先輩-後輩; sempai-kohai) relationship. It doesn't matter how skilled you are, in most case if you're just a 1st year rookie, the 3rd year and 2nd year members will be given more chances to play in the team. 1st year freshmen do the cleaning, errands, etc. – VXD Mar 20 at 4:34
  • That is very interesting! What is the difference between the "club" and the "team" in Japan? In the States, they are treated differently. Teams are reserved for the athletic activities, while clubs are for the non-athletic stuff, like chess club, anime club, film club, etc. Our sports teams also don't discriminate by age. If you're a skilled player and happen to be a freshman, you'll become part of the starting lineup. We all share the errands equally. – DeeeFoo Mar 20 at 16:15
  • In Yowamushi Pedal, there doesn’t seem to be try-outs per se iirc, but members of the team do go through various trials to determine who will be picked for the main inter school cycling competition. – Maroon Mar 20 at 16:49
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    @DeeeFoo there are also sports club, and "club" is basically extracurricular activity. The distinction is between "joining for the shared interest" (everyone can join a club) and "playing competitively" (those who are the aces of the club are chosen as a team for e.g. interschool competition) – Aki Tanaka Mar 20 at 18:37
  • @VXD Are you willing to turn that into an answer? – Thunderforge Mar 20 at 19:58
2

Japan is very different from the US, and I've picked up on some of subtleties that by watching waaaay too much anime.

Japan

Japan is a socialist state, Asians are very communal, and from what I can tell, sports are not just sports, but also clubs. Students join a single club, be it a sports club, or the epitomous occult club. Oftentimes the captain of the club has final say on who can join, and we've seen in many anime that there is paperwork involved. As stated in the comments above, sometimes even a stellar rookie doesn't have access to contribute, instead letting the older students play on the team and/or first string.

In Japan (probably many Asian cultures), the student would be worried about embarrassing his teammates if he was unable to contribute. Once accepted by the team, if he or the team feels that he was especially under performing, social ostracization would kick in. You've probably seen this in anime where people talk loudly behind their hand and say awful things. This shaming would be an effect to make the under performing team member quit the team. Shame is a big part of Asian culture, and not a big part of the American way, so it might be hard to wrap your head around how important it is to them. I don't fully get it, but I can see that it exists.

The USA

Contrast that with the US, where individuality is encouraged, sports teams are not clubs, and students can usually join clubs and sports teams. There's usually not paperwork to join, though a liability waiver might be signed. As stated above, there's free reign to let awesome rookies perform, so it's highly desirable to find out who your best players are, and a tryout is one way to assess how good your incoming players are.

In the USA, you might join the sports team, go to practice, and participate in the background until you hit your breakout moment. Since you're not in an anime (Netflix is working on that though), you might not find a breakout moment, and you might just be a small contributing member. If the school or team is big enough, there might be a limited number of slots on the team, so tryouts would be in order. I'd hazard a WAG that even though Asia is more populous, they have more (and smaller) schools, where here in the US, schools can get a lot bigger, thus triggering tryouts due to size more often.

Anime

In anime, the MC usually joins a non-performant or loser team (take Hinomaruzumou (MAL) for example), and then through plot armor, awesomesauce, friendship, and some tsundere, makes it a winning team. That's not usually how reality works, East or West. But that's what makes an entertaining anime. In an anime like this, the club captain is usually trying to get the minimum number of members so that the club doesn't get cancelled, so tryouts would be counter productive.

In anime where the club is not in danger of being forcibly disbanded, the MC usually has some desirable trait to make the club captain try to recruit the MC, again bypassing any kind of a tryout. I'm not a big sports anime fan, but every time I've seen a sports anime (or an anime with sports elements), it fits into either of these categories.

Sources: Watching too much anime, and therefore osmosis of Japanese culture. Also, the comments above that should have been answers confirm my osmosis.

  • Thanks for your input! I suppose the whole concept of having a "varsity" and "junior varsity" team is non-existent in Japan? – DeeeFoo Mar 27 at 19:50
  • They probably do something similar based on high school or middle school. – YetAnotherRandomUser Mar 27 at 20:17

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