Due to the scouters from DBZ season 1/Saiyan Saga, everyone always asks about power levels. Now, to actually figure those numbers, there are a few problems, with the first being you really need a point of reference, and after the freiza saga-those references just vanish. Super Saiyan increased the users power 50x(say goku as super saiyan is 15 mil, frieza(100%) 12 mil, some say 18 mil goku, frieza(100%) 15 mil), and if the next super saiyan level was supposed to be a larger increase(as stated on the show), one could assume ss2 = ss ^50..X , or 15 mil x 15 mil x over and over til you get at least 50 iterations. ss3 being an even bigger increase over 2, and so on throughout the transformations.
The 2nd hurdle to overcome, is that some of these fights shown show fighters fighting at lower levels(what a sentence). It's possible for Ultra Instinct to shake your hand without breaking it, or punch you in the face without putting a hole thru it.
The final hurdle, is the special attack nature of some fighters. God Ki, Legendary Ki, UI Ki, all add special factors to the power of a fighter.
I believe the show does a great job overall(even GT was entertaining). The tournament of power is rewatchable in particular. I also believe we can get fighters organized on their strengths into a hierarchy of "who is stronger than who".
Is it better to just organize these fighters by referencing each other rather than figure exact numbers from the same scale? for example: and yes this is a long example-but it's for a reason! using
Goku(Frieza) as our reference, power level of 1. Goku(SS) power of Goku X 50 frieza(100%) is .75 ss goku(both versions agree on this, frieza was roughly 1/4 less than goku) Android saga goku = 1 ss goku = goku x 50 android 19 20-much weaker than goku(trunks even said so) tho they did win due to heart disease an. 19 = goku x 25 an. 20 = goku x 30(assuming he's stronger as dr. gero) vegeta = goku x .95(a fair number, as he's almost always behind goku) ss vegeta = vegeta x 50(weaker than goku but still stronger than 19/20) an. 16 = ss goku x 2.5(he goes up against cell after an android absorption) an. 17 = ss goku x 1.3(at least this much stronger, 18 destroys vegeta, 17 > 18) an. 18 = ss goku x 1.1(much stronger than vegeta) imp cell = ss goku 1.5(strong enough to absorb 17-had to get some humans for this level) ss trunks = ss goku x .96(safe to say weaker than goku but roughly as strong as vegeta) kamiccolo = ss goku 1.4(strong enough to take on 18, but not imp cell) Cell Saga-start Goku = 1 again Cell Stage 2 = ss goku 1.5 + ss goku 1.3 = ss goku 2.8(he beats android 16) Vegeta ASS = ss goku 3.5(ascended is NOT the same as 2, he wants cell to absorb 18 for a better fight.) Perfect Cell = ss goku 2.8 + ss goku 1.1 = ss goku 3.9 + perfection bonus of doubling power = ss goku 7.8........ vegeta gets stomped Trunks ASS2 = More than ASS Vegeta but less than perfect cell so ss goku 3.5 + 1.5 upgrade = SS goku 5.0 strong but no where near Cell Goku as special SS = better fighter than trunks ass2 with less strength, but still no class of cell. ss goku 4.5 Gohan ss = Goku 3.5 ish-because he is a joke to Cell SS Gohan 2 = stronger than Cell after a Zenkai boost, and since the form multiplies SS... Goku ss 10.0 Cell after Zenkai = 8.0 still nothing to gohan, but gives a good fight