A lot of shows from the 90s/early 2000s used a wibbling effect to mimic heat distortion. An example can be seen in several Slayers episodes:
enter image description here

considering they are still images with a frame rate of less than 30 FPS, I am wondering how this effect was achieved with such fluidity.

  • 1
    By filming through moving water, presumanly
    – Richard
    Commented Feb 5, 2023 at 21:29


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