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Despite 2D animation being sequential still drawings and being a drawn medium such as illustration and comics, it uses the fundamentals of drawing such as line, form, and shape. It also uses drawing techniques like shading, perspective, and foreshortening, and line weight such as thin and thick lines. Hatching has been used in various art forms since, but why do 70s anime use hatching so much? Is there a reason behind it?

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  • Just like "pixar" doesn't justify the fact they have 50+ technical animators that look for a better way to make "water" animation (even though they've always been animating water), the method to be used is meant for "artistic exploration". I believe the 70's wanted a similar treatment in Manga and TV, hence it was possible they were "artistically exploring" the breakthroughs in that era. Commented Oct 6, 2023 at 19:33
  • It's artistic exploration, alright, it's even used in the 80s, 90s and even in today's anime. Commented Oct 6, 2023 at 19:36

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Hmmmm.... maybe because it's just the Japanese artists' style.

In Japan, it's called "Kakeami".

In manga, kakeami カケアミ is a cross-hatching pattern used to shade objects and backgrounds using lines that form "webs," "nets," ami 網, which are "thrown over" each other, kake 掛け.

Resource: https://www.japanesewithanime.com/2020/03/kakeami.html?m=1

Hatching, you either love it or hate it as an artist. For some people, it can serve as a soothing doodle technique or become their secret weapon to a beautiful comic or manga page. What exactly is hatching?

Hatching is a drawing technique using lines or linear strokes to create value and texture throughout an image. They don't always have to be straight lines, and they don't always have to be neat and consistent either. There are multiple types of hatching, each providing their own texture that you can add. In comics and manga, it is used both as a shading technique and a texturing one. It's really very versatile!

Resource: https://globalcomix.com/news/details/277/creator-tips-and-tricks-12-hatching-and-cross-hatching

If this doesn't answer your question, then I'm sorry. I'm only just trying to help.

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  • In 70s, 80s and 90s anime, hatching is always, usually the regular hatching. Commented Oct 8, 2023 at 12:48

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