Following the manga, susanoo is only achieved by those who can use both, tsukuyomi and amatarasu. Japanese folk lore provides further insight to this because the three "techniques" are named after 3 "gods" who are siblings. We can infer that madara can use amatarasu since he is seen using both susanoo and tsukuyomi. On a side note, either purposely or through error, itachi is shown using susanoo without his mangekyo sharingan active, and madara is shown using it while using the rennegan. This leads me to believe that susanoo can be used at any time without the sharingan being active as long as amatarasu and tsukuyomi can be used. Further, an above answer suggests that obito's kamui is the only ability of his mangekyo sharingan. However, due to his attempt to use eye of the moon without madara, I think it's also safe to assume he can also use tsukuyomi. Should be noted however, the ten tails is NEEDED to complete the jutsu, and ITS eye is reflected on the moon, not the user, which could mean infinite tsukuyomi could be a seperate jutsu only usable by the ten tails and it's jinchiriki. Also should be noted obito used a small scale version of this technique in one of the movies, which drew naruto and Sakura into another "dream world". A small orb was present during the casting, which could lead to it being an entirely seperate, although similarly named, technique.
Unfortunately though, with the information we have, there is currently no definitive answer to weither or not there are an actual set of techniques possible for all sharingan users to unlock, or if the abilities between sharingan users themselves are unique.
We do have manga quotes stating that madara itachi and sasuke are exceptional among their kin, and we know they all can use amatarasu tsukuyomi and because of that susanoo. We also have manga quotes that say these techniques are rare within their clan. It is the lack of uchiha that make the techniques seem like the "norm"
Because 3 of the 5 uchiha who's techniques are known to us are the previously mentioned set. I'll save my issues with probability and chance lol.
Also, clearing up an above answer, madara was reanimated (edo tensai) with both eyes and in his "prime". Meaning all the techniques he had aquired during his lifetime would be able to be employed, including his aquiring hashiramas cells, and rennegan despite his aquiring the later on his deathbed. It was on his deathbed prior to his meeting obito, that transplanted BOTH of his rennegan eyes to nagato, and began to set his eye of moon plan into action. It was with the help of obito and black zetsu (madara's will) that the would influence nagato into his actions during the sage arc, and would bring to fruition the seemingly foiled plan. When the jinchiriki were captured and had their respective tailed beasts pulled from them, they died (exception garaa who died and was revived). They were reanimated (edo tensai) and reinfused with the tailed beast chakra, while the beasts themselves seemed to be sealed in the gedo statue, despite the former jinchiriki being able to use full beast transformations. Apparent from son goku being freed from the chakra rods embedded in him, but still being sealed in the statue, and proven at the dismissal of the edo tensai and the jinchiriki with no effect of the beasts themselves.
Finally, when madara is brought back into his real life body, he has NO EYES, until zetsu recovers the rennegan obito was using which was originally madara's.