I recently watched the Chuunin exam arc and saw how Jiraiya taught the summoning technique to Naruto. Jiraiya showed the toad contract scroll to Naruto and wrote his name next to Jiraiya's.

In the flashback that shows how Minato fought with the Kyuubi, Minato entered the scene with Gamabunta, which means that he had signed the contract too.

If the other names written on the scroll include Minato's name, why is his name written first before Jiraiya's?

The scroll in question

  • You mean to ask why is Naruto's the first one after Jiraiya's? Or do you mean to ask if the first one to the right of Jiraiya's is Minato's, and if so why are they in that order?
    – JNat
    Apr 17, 2014 at 11:10
  • I mean about the order, It shows that the latest person to sign is on the leftmost side which is Naruto, and before him is Jiraiya. So if Minato's name is on the scroll too, why did it come first before Jiraiya's?
    – nix
    Apr 17, 2014 at 11:15
  • But the first name before Jiraiya's is not Minato's (I think). Minato's name does not appear to be featured on the scroll.
    – JNat
    Apr 17, 2014 at 11:24
  • I have no cannon proof (and to lazy to go look for it) but my guess is that it was an oversight that Minato's name isn't there
    – JoeyD473
    Apr 17, 2014 at 16:07
  • 1
    To continue this discussion, it looks to me that the second name is in fact not Jiraya. Based on the picture in the manga, the third name in the image above (second from the right) is a stylized 自来也 which is Jiraya's name. The rest of the entries I can't make out, but that would mean there is in fact an entry between Jiraya and Naruto.
    – BlueBuddy
    Oct 27, 2014 at 21:30

3 Answers 3


I've been searching for this, all I could find was:

It's true: "Jiraiya, who took a special interest in Minato and took him on as an apprentice, amongst other things teaching him the Summoning Technique and senjutsu."

As more: "In his youth, Jiraiya taught Minato how to use the Summoning Technique to summon toads. He was able to summon Gamabunta, showing considerably proficiency in this technique as he was one of the few people that Gamabunta would willingly cooperate without hesitation."

We also know that: "Before an animal summoning can be performed, a prospective summoner must first sign a contract with a given species."

Plus: "Not much is known about Minato's relationship with the toads but apparently he was well-respected among them. His only known summons were Gamabunta and Gerotora."

From all of this I can deduce that, or it's something tricky, and since there's no need for a contract (at the willingly cooperate part/well respected thing, or maybe just because Minato was a prodigy), or is a plot-hole, and the animators or Kishi put an accent on Jiraiya and Naruto at the scroll scene and maybe forgetting about Minato.


I would recommend you to refer to this site.It explains that Minato was Jiraiya's student and Jiraiya took special interest in him.

This group was the genin team led by one of the Legendary Sannin: Jiraiya some time after he left the Ame Orphans and returned to Konohagakure. Its only known member is Minato Namikaze, who Jiraiya took special interest in. Minato would later become the Fourth Hokage. The names of the other two members, as well as their status, are unknown.

Minato as a child;Jirauya was his tutor

From this I can speculate that Jiraiya taught him Frog summoning technique

  • Jiraya did not teach Minato the rasengan technique. Infact it was Minato the developed the jutsu and taught it to Jiraya
    – debal
    Apr 26, 2014 at 17:28
  • thanks for pointing that out.....it was honest mistake.... :)
    – Jiraiya
    Apr 27, 2014 at 12:43

Yes, Jiraya taught the Summoning Jutsu to Minato Namikaze.

Jiraya was the sensei of Minato, and its observed in some episodes of the anime that Jiraya taught him many jutsu including the the Summoning Jutsu, though the training is not directly shown .
 Jiraya was used to be the carrier of the Scroll of Blood Contract, after he earned the 

trust of the toads.

Since, Jiraya took special interest in his student, so he entrusted the Summoning Jutsu technique with minato to make him more powerful in combat. 

 Also, the toads especially Fukusaku respect both Jiraya and Minato and once was quoted saying " Naruto has surpassed both of 'em the Student(Minato) and his Master(Jiraya) ".

So maybe in training with toads, Jiraya may have helped Minato @Mount Miyoboku. Hence, he must've taught minato the technique.

Also, the order in which their names appear on the script may not be known or quoted anywhere in the anime. Maybe that is due to the fact that if someone dies beyond the scope of reanimation jutsu, his( toad or human) name vanishes from the script

(Ref- Anime episode when Pain attack Hidden Leaf Village, and Danzo kills the Messenger Frog. Other frog inform Ma Frog that the name of the Messenger frog has vanished from the scroll.)

Hence, Minato's name would have been written in the blank space created so....

  • That would be a good theory, however the wiki specifically states that the contract is valid after death so long as the contract itself remains intact. That would go to show that the name doesn't simply disappear.
    – BlueBuddy
    Oct 27, 2014 at 20:44

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