Monokuma's name (モノクマ) is a pun on the word monochrome borrowed in Japanese (モノクロ, or sometimes モノクローム). As you can see, all but the last characters match in Japanese. Presumably that's why he's (almost) totally white and black (monochrome).
As for whether the different sides mean something, in the original game when he talks to you, which side is mostly ...
According to the Something Awful playthrough thread for the game:
Because of the intricacies of the Japanese game rating system, blood
in this game is colored pink. Rest assured, though, it is human blood
you will be looking at, and it doesn't mean our characters are
secretly aliens or elves.
TVTropes also says the same thing:
Many murder scenes ...
To add to atlantiza's answer, Danganronpa is rated D (17+) by CERO, Japan's rating board for console video games. That's the highest rating which does not carry additional legal restrictions as to where and to whom you can sell it. Danganronpa is a console game, and it's very likely that the consoles would not have approved of it had it been rated Z (18+), ...
The mark seen on Genocider Syo is the Japanese Kanji 正
Wiktionary has a page on this character explaining its use as a tally mark by the Japanese.
Genocider Syo uses the tally to count the amount of victims she has killed. There is also a small section on this on the Wikia.
Since each one represents 5 kills, you can see she has killed quite a few!
Typing it out and using a tool to translate it reveals the message:
BE SURE TO DRINK YOUR KUMATINE
This is in fact a reference to A Christmas Story, in which the protagonist Ralphie gets his decoder ring and feverishly tries to decode the radio's message. The message turns out to be "Be sure to drink your Ovaltine" - a very disappointing ...
The reason they had these nicknames is to emphasize that Hope's Peak Academy is really hard to get into. Hence the students there are extraordinarily talented. It would seem that it's a requirement to have one outstanding feature to qualify for enrolment in the school. Apart from Naegi, who gained entrance through a lottery (and is the Super Duper Highschool ...
I have played the game, and yet I can tell you the answer isn't the most clear there either. All I got from there is that the incident started on Hope's Peak Academy and propagated an extreme state of unrest to the outside world. However, I've heard things are explain further in the sequel, which I haven't played nor followed a Let's Play of just yet. Taking ...
From the Wikia:
Prior to the series, this cunning and vile being is actually a model animatronic bear used as an avatar to interact with the students by the mastermind. There are seemingly infinite copies of Monokuma, and he seems to also have the ability to teleport everywhere within the academy compounds.
Prior to The Tragedy:
The main antagonist of the anime, who also controls
It is exactly why
In fact that's why she created the rule that
If you murder one of your classmates and not get caught as the culprit, you can escape.
So that the classmates who had an attachment to the victim will mourn his/her death, and the ones who became friends with the culprit, will feel guilty.
This is a take on Woman with a Parasol, turned to the left by painter Claude Monet. Although in this version the woman has pink hair - possibly referring to Junko Enoshima or Kotoko Utsugi.
I'd say it's more likely to be Junko because:
The original painting is of Alice Hoschedé
She was one of Monet's favourite models.
I could not find a specific reason for them to use nicknames, guess it is just for plot reasons. Or even just cause they can.
As to how correct the translation is:
“超高校級の” is something like “super/hyper/mega/ultra highschool level/class”.
There have been quite some discussion on how accurate this translation is, but it is said that even though Super ...
I was wondering this myself. I think there's a theory that Naegi is actually dead and this is his purgatory. We never find out what the most despair inducing event in history is because Naegi died before he could find out. He's the one who has a pretty generic high school ability. Hopes peak academy could actually be the test whether he makes it to heaven or ...
I haven't seen the anime yet, but in the game's version of events the survivors who are living in the outside world are the general public who have fallen into despair (and somehow gained monokuma heads)
You can see them rioting in the image above, and it wouldn't be a wild stretch of the imagination to say that they were probably looting stores also. [...
Naegi Komaru -> Younger sister to Naegi Makoto
Yuta Asahina -> Younger brother of Aoi Asahina
Kanon Nakajima -> Manager of Leon Kuwata's Baseball team
Hiroko Hagakure -> Mother of Yasuhiro Hagakure
Taichi Fujisaki -> Father of Chihiro Fujisaki
Ayaka Haneyama -> Member of Sayaka Maizono's idol group
Grand Bois Chéri Ludenberg -> pet ...
A lot of the links can be found if you go on the wiki. The targets were all the most important person to their corresponding character from the first game.
For Example, Hiroko Hagakure is Yasuhiro Hakagure's mother, and Yuta Asahina is Aoi Asahina's brother. But, not all of these figures are human. Celestia Ludenburg's most important person was her cat, and ...
In the third case of the first game (and anime), there are two murderers who each actually personally kill someone, but Monokuma states that there is only one culprit: the person who came up with the plan. As such, in your hypothetical situation of A and B stabbing one person with one knife at the same time, if A was the one to initially suggest the murder, ...
Danganronpa V3 addresses this
Note: I am putting it as a spoiler even though it is presented to you before the first chapter.
In the most recent game, DRV3, A school regulation is created by Monokuma. stating:
From this regulation, it seems the game will end immediately when only two students are alive. In the situation you presented, one of the final two ...
Okay, so this actually gets a little complicated.
Instead of watching the anime for the first game I would watch a lets play or pick it up on Steam when it's on sale (it's worth it, trust me). As far as an actual order to get the most out of the story the order I would go is:
Danganronpa: Trigger Happy Havoc
Danganronpa 2: Goodby Dispair
Based on a theory from Japanese audiences (source), the pink blood is only shown on school life/game (class trial) setting (e.g. DR1 and DR2).
Isn't it because they are not students already?
Isn't it because it's different from class trial game?
As for personal theory extending from this theory, it has something to do ...
Japanese honorifics can be confusing to non-Japanese (personally, I was still confused when reading this question). However, other than the suffix (-san, -kun, etc.), which part of the name is also (if not, more) important. Note that their full names are Byakuya Togami and Aoi Asahina (given name - surname).
By calling Byakuya Togami as Togami-kun, it means ...
The answer is: there's no exact number, the tally marks changed from one to other titles.
For reference, this is how the Japanese tally marks work for 1 to 5:
Ignoring the fan arts since there are too many variants,
Danganronpa: Trigger Happy Havoc
Probably 32. It seems she wrote the mark from top-to-bottom (from her POV), thus finishing the first ...
The anime series itself shows quite clearly that it is Monokuma.
He is only seen actually dragging the culprit himself in the gameplay-looking animation, but there's no reason to doubt that that's exactly what happens, particulary when it is consistent with the argument.
The following images are taken from the same episode you use as an example.
I'm pretty sure it's like this:
Danganronpa 3: Despair Arc first.
Then the remnants of despair (students in Danganronpa 3) ruin world while Danganronpa: The Animation/Trigger Happy Havoc is going on.
Niegi and others escape and successfully capture the remnants. While they are, the events in New Despair Girsls are taking place.
As Danganronpa 3: Future ...
So long as the evidence of someone being dead occurred, it is going to hold a classroom trial. It will merely be impossible to investigate the body itself. Take the Chapter Five death in Trigger Happy Havoc: Miss Victim had half her body burnt to a crisp, and she, as a victim, was unidentifiable. I’d spoil the other games, where a similar thing to what you ...