I suppose that depends on what you mean by "war". Note: no spoilers since your picture implies a lot about how things went, and what the resolution was.
The Fourth Great Ninja War was a war against Madara to prevent him from capturing the Bijuu to activate the Infinite Tsukuyomi.
In that vein...the war was probably lost since the jutsu was actually ...
The chakra's basic nature releases are 5:
Fire (Katon), Wind (Fuuton), Electricity (Raiton), Earth (Doton) and Water (Suiton), reflecting probably the Buddhism's elements plus electricity.
Yin and Yang are too mentioned along the way, although they aren't really explained, but fundamentally they are the main components of chakra:
mental energy (Yin) and ...